Author: Abdishakur

Somalia is in my heart. Positivism and advocacy of change for a better Somalia. I believe in that "When we are no longer able to change a situation - we are challenged to change ourselves".


Waxaa hubaal ah inaynu nahay is badal doon. Waxa ugu badan oonan hadalkeena laga waayin waxa ka mid ah “soomaaliya way is badashay”. Balse sidee bay isku badashay.
Waxaa lagu sheega in isbadalku uu u dhici karo afartaan siyaabood:
  1. Xagsad:  Waxaan oran karna marka la xajisto, lagu dhabar adaygo, is badal la’aanta. Isbadalka maanta ka jiraahi Soomaaliya marxalada kala duwan bu soo maray laakin dadbaa ku qanacsanaan kara isbadalka manta jira o doonaya inaynan waxna isa sii badalin oo isbadalki hore e soo dhacayi uuba faido u ahaa.
  2. Aragti Dhalanteed (Utopia): Qaarba hab nololedkan qayaaliga ku dhisan ku taama oo is leh mar uun ba laheli doona  soomaaliya shanteeda gees ku midaysan hal dowlad, nabad-iyo-caano leh iyo barwaaqo!! saansaantu sidan uma mooqate wayse si durkaysa aragti dhalanteedakan sidi lagu gaari laha.
  3. Hilaw – Maalmihii wanaagsana in dib loogu noqdo: Waxa kale oo is badal loo arki karaa in dib loogu noqdo waqti qaas ah o ay dadku isleeyahin waqti wanaagsan buu ahaa. Waalaysku qilaafi kara waqtigaas o haatanba qaar baa aaminsan 60 meeyadii inu ahaa waqtiga u ugu fiicnaa ee Soomaliya so maray, qaar kalaa is leh malaha 70 meeyadi bay ahayd. Kuwii burburka la koowsaday ba ayaguna malaha waqtigii dagaalada sokeeye ay u ahayd waqtiga ugu wanaagsani marki loo barbar dhigo xaladahii kadanbeeya uu soo maray wadanku. Makuso noqon doonta Soomaliya bari siday haybad iyo maamus u lahaan jirtay? ciidamadeeni xooga badna maso noqon doonan? IWM
  4. Isbadal xaaladeed hal abuur leh: Qaabkani waxu door bidayaa in laba xaaladoodba is badal loo samayn karo:
  5. Ficil qaadasho (Reactive): In waxi dhacay lagu cibro qaato, waxna laga barto dabadeetana lala yimaado fal ama ficil ku haboon si loo helaa is badal wanaagsan.
    • Ka hortag (Proactive): In lasi odorooso is badalada dhici karaa ayado la isticmaalaya wayo aragnimo, aqoon iyo farsamo, lagana hortagaa isbadalada xun loo jiheeya wadanka isbadalada wanaagsan.
Waxay u muuqataa inaynu ku howlanahay sedexda isbadal ee ugu horeeya halka kan danbe aynu ka hurudno. Midkeebaan doorbidnaa Somalaay?

Where did the Famine go?

The economists article on famine in somalia and where it heads, argues that spending a lot of money on food by donors would not help Somalia. Instead mapping the somali economy and its ruites would be a wiser act on the longer term. What do you think?

Where did the famine go?

Transition and Humanitarian development

Since my arrival in Mogadishu, I have observed the increase of humanitarian aid profession. At a close look, i have noticed the challenges faced by these professionals that associate with contexts of transitioning from conflict to peace. yet rarely these people reflect on the critical concepts, practical challenges and policy dilemmas which can bring the country towards effective transitioning.

In this critical junction, the country needs not only transitioning in its political process but also in its humanitarian sector. in this time, it may present an opportunity for us to better examine this cross-section of modern change by innovating programs that consider the important transition from short-term (humanitarian) to long-term (development and beyond) ownership of projects.

Let us think about our children and develop an everlasting solutions to the current crisis. I believe through the coordination and development of broader perspectives on humanitarian development we could help Somalia and lift it up to development. Somaaliya Ha is raacdo!Image 


Man-Made Famine

I believe that the course of action of the current famine in Somalia could have been avoided if the proper actions were made. Apparently Droughts does not necessarily produce Famine as we have seen in the past droughts in Somalia like ´Daba Dheer Drought´. The sequence of actions from the occupation of Ethiopians in Somalia, and the subsequent creation of Alshabab led to the current famine. With a strong government and an early signal the current situation would not be in a such a worst condition ever faced in Somalia. All said i believe it was a man-made famine not a natural famine which caused by rain or any other natural calamities.

Business at night in Mogadishu city

Since two decades Mogadishu city witnessed the worst things ever once-a-beautiful-city experienced. abandoned shops, banks, government offices are motor-bombed beyond recognition. Amidst of these ruins the resilience of businesses in Mogadishu is unprecedented. In order to survive a new market was opened after 1991 which had become on of the biggest markets in the horn of Africa Bakaro market.
However recently the Bakaro market suffered from the worsening situations in Mogadishu where warring parties have competed to take control of the market. For example, Amisom mortars have claimed lives of innocent people inside the market. On the other hand Alshabab were said to have a controlling hand in the bakaro market and a base for their funds. whatever the case, now that alshabab´s influence in the market is becoming less, there seems to be new blood in the market and people started to re-open their businesses in the market.

In general, there is a sense of optimism in the business sector in Mogadishu city. The better the security the better the flow of business in the city. And current pictures of a businesses in Mogadishu open at night can say it all clear and well. it is said pictures are worth thousand words so let the pictures talk!!

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Economic Performance in the last 20 years

To many of us, Somalia is associated with civil war, piracy, failed state and recently, the most corrupted state in the whole world. As they say there is an economics in everything. It is clear that economics was only one factor in the causes of civil war in Somalia. Tribalism, poverty, political imbalances, corrupt and repressive State, land grabbing among other factors have been argued to be the causes of civil war. What ever the cause is, apparently there are consequences of civil war economically, socially, environmentally and politically. The legacy of these forces continues to influence political and economic dynamics in the country today.

Logically, war reverts the economic development of the country. In the immediate aftermath of the conflict, economic activities halt down and survival of the fittest becomes the norm. in the case of Somalia, financial institutions collapsed; domestic currency no longer had central bank; public utilities and service providers ceased; key installations that are essential for economic activity and social well-being, such as air and sea ports, power plants, oil and gas refineries, water generating and treating systems, and public hospitals and educational facilities were no longer functional. In nutshell, all state institutions disappeared, and informal systems of adaptation and governance rose in response to the absence of an effective central government.

Although, the prolonged absence of the effective government in Somalia has its negative effects of Somali economy, many authors have talked about the undeniable economic development in the country. One study by Leeson depicts clearly that Somalis are better off under anarchy than they were under government economically by comparing pre and post-stateless indicators of welfare comparisons, for example infant mortality rates was less compared to pre civil war. Benjamin Powell supports this stance to the extent that he calls Somalia an Economic Success despite the absence of central government

Filling the void created by the absence or weakness of state institutions, the private sector has grown impressively in recent years, especially in service activities. Unlike the 1970s and 1980s when most of the output of the small industrial sector and many services were provided by the public sector, virtually all industrial production, services provision, and trade is firmly today in the hands of the private sector. There have been significant (but unmeasured) private investments in commercial ventures, including in trade and marketing; money transfer services; transport; communications; airlines; telecommunications; other services including construction and hotels; education and health; and fishery equipment, largely funded by the large remittances from the Diaspora .

In these circumstances the private sector in Somalia has been surprisingly innovative. Competition thrives in markets where transactions are simple, such as retail and construction. In more complex sectors, such as telecommunications and electricity supply, the private solutions are flawed but impressive: coverage has expanded since the 1980s, and prices are attractive compared with those in other African countries (Nenova and Harford 2004). Remittance institutions who also serve as formal banks have sprouted throughout the country handling $200 Millions to $500 Millions of remittance annually. In this case, the Somali Diaspora also has their role in the booming of the private sectors.

In reality, during its two decades of statelessness, Somalia has made significant economic progress and improvements in economic well-being. Does these facts suggest that government is not always necessary for progress. But As with most controversial or delicate issues, I feel the need to first briefly preface: I do not intend to imply that anarchy in Somalia is preferable to the functioning state in Somalia, or the governments of many other countries in the world. in fact, it is interesting to look into what causes the phenomena and see if the phenomena could hold if an effective government comes into the picture.

Somalia’s ghost town

What was once a booming market place at the heart of Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital, has now become a ghost town after battles between government troops and al-Shabab fighters wrecked havoc in the area.

Frequent attacks in the the Bakara market, the largest open-air market in the country, have caused hardships for many whose livelihoods depend on it.

Not far from the heavily guarded Presidential Palace, the market has been repeatedly hit by wayward shells from the warring sides.

Muhammed Vall reports.

Somalia: Failed State, Economic Success

Sure, Somalia is failed state, but what makes the success of its economy. Here is an article that unravels the secret behind Somali’s economy with out state. This article draws heavily on research “Somalia After State Collapse: Chaos or Improvement?” coauthored by Benjamin Powell Ryan Ford and Alex Nowrasteh, published in the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, vol. 67, 2008.

Better of Stateless: Somalia’s economy

Somalia’s economy and the biological theory ”Life will find a way” have many similarities. despite prolonged wars, famine, and destruction of basic economic infrastructure, Somalia’s economy not only survives but thrives. Telecommunication, electricity, water, and basic services are available. In fact Mubarak calls that it never stops but stumbles’. Although we don’t have to romanticize for the current economic development in the absence of effective government, we can together witness the private sector involvement in service provision. In comparison of the current situation with the period when Somalia had government, one can see the increasing involvement of the private sector in production and service provision.

This brings us to look into what was the impact of that shift? in this blog, questions pertaining Somalia’s economy with out state will be tackled.

Stay tuned